In Sri Lanka, 100 boats are distributed to fishing communities and the first of 3,600 cash grants have been given out to villagers to help them start small businesses in agriculture, livestock and handicrafts.
In Indonesia, the construction of homes has started in Pulo Aceh, a group of islands off Banda Aceh. Show homes are being built to show local people the design and allow for consultation. Construction on 275 houses is due to start by March and a further 2,000 houses in Teunom, in the Aceh Jaya region of Indonesia, are due to begin later in 2006.
Construction is well underway in the Maldives as more materials and workforce arrive.
There are plans to expand Indonesian recovery programme by providing more cash grants and houses.
More than 3,000 bank accounts have been opened with British Red Cross support to re-establish fishing/farming activities and small businesses in Indonesia.
Construction materials and workforce are arriving almost weekly in the Maldives. Having established land tenure rights, site offices and warehouses are set up and housing plots on the islands cleared so that building may begin in the Maldives and on Pulo Aceh, in Indonesia.
A hardship fund is established for UK nationals suffering extreme financial difficulty following the tsunami.
Contracts are signed with individuals to build more than 740 houses and support livelihood recovery in the Maldives.
In Sri Lanka, more than 100 villagers repair key infrastructure through cash for work programmes. Fifty new Sri Lankan Red Cross volunteers are trained in disaster management and first aid.
The Federation meets with the United Nations and other relief agencies to ensure there is no duplication of programmes.
Procurement of “beach seine” and fibreglass boats for Sri Lankan fishermen begin.
In the Maldives, more than 550 households are interviewed about construction so that people can determine for themselves the materials and style of their homes and also their livelihood plans.
In Indonesia, the house design process continues and land rights are secured for 275 families on Pulo Aceh, Indonesia.
Houses are planned for a further estimated 2,000 families in Aceh Jaya following discussions to resolve land ownership issues.
Kerosene lamps, tarpaulins and cooking kits are distributed to 120 households in Kachakodi, Sri Lanka.
Geological surveys of ground conditions and soil are conducted in Maldives, while a community mobilisation team interviews all households due to receive new homes.
The Indonesian cash grant recovery programme is expanded to Teunom in Aceh Jaya supporting around 2,000 families.
British Red Cross sets up a programme to help fishermen in Batticaloa, whose industry had been devastated by the tsunami.
Tender for Maldives construction is completed and technical drawings and structural design of houses begins.
After successful pilot in Pulo Aceh, Indonesia, the cash grants recovery programme is rolled out to other parts of Aceh, benefiting around 1,600 families.
Long-term livelihoods programme begins in Batticaloa, east Sri Lanka, to help not only people affected by the tsunami, but also those displaced by conflict in this district.
In Indonesia, a secure registration system for participants in the cash programme is finalised to help up to 10,000 families.
In the UK, a memorial service is held in St Paul’s Cathedral for families bereaved by the tsunami.
Former US President Bill Clinton visits Disasters Emergency Committee – the umbrella group of 13 UK humanitarian charities including the British Red Cross – for talks to ensure aid reaches those worse effected in a quick and efficient manner.
The British Red Cross is working closely with all communities to enable them to decide what recovery projects they should undertake.
Feasibility study to build more than 740 homes and restore livelihoods in the Maldives is completed and agreement with Maldives Government. Pilot cash grant livelihood recovery programme for 300 families starts in Pulo Aceh, an island north of Banda Aceh, Indonesia.
Red Cross funds training and provided equipment for Sri Lankan Red Cross dengue awareness campaign in Matara.
The Sri Lankan Red Cross with British Red Cross support starts cash for work projects in Matara district. British Red Cross team specialising in construction, community empowerment, logistics and finance carries out reconstruction feasibility study in the Maldives. Technical advisors go to Indonesia to plan reconstruction.
In the UK, a Tsunami Support Network is set up to provide information and support to those affected by the disaster.
The Red Cross continues to provide relief supplies. Among items sent, Indonesia received nearly 50,000 tarpaulins, Sri Lanka 11,000 cooking kits and 400,000 items of women’s clothing, and the Maldives receives electrical equipment, generators and sanitation equipment. Indonesian Red Cross is still using 1,000 body bags per day.
December 2004/January 2005
The British Red Cross deploys two logistics emergency response units, one to Sri Lanka and one to Indonesia to assist in the receipt and onward transportation of relief items. We organise more than 30 relief flights to the tsunami-affected area between December and April, spending £12.3m on emergency aid.
Johan Schaar is appointed by the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) as special envoy for tsunami operation to ensure relief is delivered effectively and efficiently.
In the UK we help staff a telephone support line for those directly affected.
How we helped tsunami survivors in 2006
How we helped tsunami survivors in 2007
How we helped Britons after the tsunami