Updated August 2011
Millions of people have been forced to flee their homes because of conflict in Darfur. The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is at the forefront of humanitarian action in the region, providing shelter and household items, access to water and healthcare, and helping people restore or maintain their livelihoods. It also helps reunite people separated by conflict and monitors respect for international humanitarian law.
Due to its neutrality and impartiality, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) has built up contacts with all parties to the conflict and is able to bring assistance to remote areas. In 2009, Sudan was the ICRC’s largest operation worldwide. The British Red Cross worked in Darfur from 2004 to December 2010, after the internal conflict escalated.
Health and livelihoods in Darfur
The ICRC’s priority is to assist people affected by conflict, mainly in remote rural regions of Darfur, to complement the significant efforts provided by other organisations in camps for internally displaced people (IDPs). The ICRC supports people in rural areas to help maintain livelihoods and reduce the chance of communities becoming displaced.
The ICRC is supporting health facilities, seeds and tools, and household items. It also supports water and sanitation projects, veterinary services for livestock and a flying surgical team to access remote areas. The ICRC also reunifies families separated by the conflict and makes representations to parties to the conflict concerning violations of international humanitarian law.
Nutrition in Darfur
In partnership with the Australian Red Cross, the British Red Cross supported the ICRC’s nutritional programme in Gereida with human and financial resources.
The nutritional programme comprises a feeding centre and an outreach team of up to 70 nutrition monitors who focus on the prevention and early detection of malnutrition and disease in the camp. They also deliver key health, hygiene and nutrition messages to households and visit children who are registered on the programme.
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