13 March 2012
After protests began in Tunisia in December 2010, unrest spread across many countries in the Middle East and North Africa. In response to escalating violence, we launched our Libya & Region Appeal on 28 February 2011.
With the situation in Syria deteriorating, we urgently needed more funds to meet growing humanitarian needs. On 1 March 2012 our Syria Crisis Appeal was launched, to help raise further funds for people affected by violence in the country.
The Libya & Region Appeal is now closed, but below you can see some of the ways the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement helped people across Egypt, Libya, Syria, Tunisia and Yemen in the year since February 2011.
Violent clashes in Libya leave hundreds of people dead and thousands injured. Tens of thousands of people flee. The Movement provides healthcare and medical supplies in Libya and food, shelter and first aid for people crossing into Tunisia and Egypt.
All-out civil war looms in Libya. With thousands of people crossing the border every day, sanitation, shelter and food become significant issues. The Movement provides medical help, bedding, psychological support, water and food aid for people displaced to Egypt and Tunisia.
Within Libya, thousands of people are displaced and many foreign nationals are stranded as fighting continues. Weapon contamination is a major hazard for civilians. The movement begins an awareness-raising campaign to warn of the danger of unexploded ordnance.
Displacement and detention have separated many families. Fighting in several cities denies medical aid to civilians and causes casualties among health personnel. The Movement visits detainees, delivers medical supplies and evacuates wounded civilians.
In Yemen, several people are killed in demonstrations. Unrest in Syria means hundreds of people flee. To help displaced people, the Movement sets up a refugee camp in Turkey and a first aid post in Lebanon.
In south-western Libya, essential medicines, vaccines, and emergency items such as dressing materials and intravenous fluids are in short supply. The Movement gives surgical supplies, intravenous fluids and dressing materials to hospitals in the region.
The situation in Libya remains volatile, with frontlines shifting daily. There are allegations of combatants misusing healthcare facilities. The movement continues to treat people wounded in the fighting and helps journalists trapped in the Rixos Hotel get to safety.
In Libya, there is stigmatisation of sub-Saharan Africans and certain Libyan communities. The Movement distributes hygiene kits to sub-Saharan Africans who have taken refuge in the port of Sidi Bilal. Mass graves are discovered on a weekly basis.
Thousands of civilians are trapped inside Sirte, and many others have been displaced. The movement provides medical supplies, oxygen and water to the city’s Ibn Sina hospital. On 20 October, Libya’s ex-leader Muammar Gaddafi is killed.
As unrest in Syria continues, there are reports of medical and healthcare staff being deliberately prevented from helping people. In Libya, fighting has ceased in most places and displaced people begin to return home.
The situation in Syria continues to deteriorate, with violence leaving hundreds of people dead or wounded. Needs mount rapidly as winter sets in. Volunteers from the movement continue to work round the clock providing medical and food aid.
In Syria, the movement continues to provide vital support to people. Violence is escalating and the death toll rises. While unrest doesn’t yet affect the entire country, humanitarian access is increasingly difficult and dangerous.
We still urgently need funds to continue helping people in Syria. Donate to our Syria Crisis Appeal
© February: Getty Images/ ICRC/ Gratiane de moustier, March: ICRC/Alessandro Giusti, April: ICRC/ Robin Waudo, May: ICRC, Roger Ruffy, June: ICRC/ Robin Waudo, July: ICRC/s.n, August: ICRC/ Thierry Gassmann, September: ICRC/ Jon Bjorgvinsson, October: ICRC/s.n, November: SARC/ Hany Hawasly, December: SARC/ Ibrahim Malla, January: SARC/ Ibrahim Malla.