Our urban reconstruction and regeneration programme, encompassing water and sanitation, shelter, and livelihoods, came to an end in July 2015.
Developed in conjunction with the residents of Delmas 19, Port-au-Prince, it has helped around 4,000 households and cost just under £6 million.
The reconstruction of the canal running through Delmas 19 was identified by the community as a priority for them.
Water was unable to flow freely through a section of the destroyed waterway, causing homes and roads to flood – even during spells of relatively light rain.
The existing canal had additional issues, such as homes being built too close to the waterway, which led to water flow problems.
The tipping of rubbish and human excrement into the canal also posed health issues for the community.
The construction of the new canal was carried out using local labour to build skills for future employment within the community.
The 302-metre canal was completed in 2012; water channels, footpaths and general infrastructure development continued into 2013.
A new public space was also created at the junction of the canal, providing a safe area for children to play.
The completed drainage system and public space had an instant impact upon people’s lives and was hailed as a big success by locals.
The earthquake destroyed the marketplace in Delmas 19, forcing traders to earn a living along a narrow space of road – placing them in danger of being struck by passing vehicles.
The reconstruction of the market was identified by the community as another priority.
The British Red Cross drew up plans for a new space with improved facilities in the same location as the previous market.
Again, local workers were employed to build skills and knowledge in the community.
The new 200-square metre market means there is enough room for 32 stallholders, an abattoir, two public toilets, a shop and a barber.
Traders also benefit from a roof and a raised floor level for improved drainage.
Earning the nickname ‘the British market’, the new space was officially opened by the Mayor of Delmas in January 2013.
As part of our reconstruction and regeneration programme, we repaired and reconstructed houses in Delmas 19, along with community infrastructure such as street lighting and paving.
A total of 152 houses have been rebuilt while, while a further 139 properties have been repaired.
The wider community also identified the need to provide training to the younger generation, giving them the skills and knowledge for future construction projects and job opportunities.
In response, the Red Cross established a masonry training scheme, which saw 1,100 people apply for 50 places.
The selection process was completed in 2014, in time for on-the-job training during the housing construction. We have trained 10 boss masons and 40 trainee masons.
The urban landscape in Delmas 19 has posed numerous challenges to recovery work causing several delays, as Haiti recovery programme manager John English explained.
“As with any large-scale urban development project that seeks to reduce the community’s exposure to hazards and potential disasters, it’s essential to work with the local population and authorities in developing and carrying out the work,” Mr English said.
“We have to make sure that the technical and social aspects of building work are properly addressed, which can be a lengthy process.
“This means taking into account issues such as the soil-bearing capacity of the land, planning permission and land tenure.”