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Baby and Child First Aid

First aid for babies and children:
head injury

Watch the video, in which a child is treated for a head injury, and remind yourself of the key steps below.


A blow to the head may result in the baby or child having pain or a headache. There may be a bump on their head and they may look pale.


Get the baby or child to rest and apply something cold to the injury (e.g. frozen vegetables wrapped in a tea towel).

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Applying something cold to the injury will reduce external swelling and pain. In addition to external swelling, when a person suffers a blow to the head, the brain can be shaken inside the skull. This may result in a more serious head injury (e.g. concussion), which may make them feel sick or drowsy.


If they become drowsy or vomit, or their condition deteriorates, call 999.

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This could be a sign of a serious injury to the head.


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Send us your stories

We love to hear from people who have stepped forward to help in a first aid emergency. If you have a first aid story that you'd be happy to share, please email including your name, telephone number and some brief details about what happened. The British Red Cross will only use your information to contact you about your first aid story.

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