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Download the Justice and Fairness resource

Module one – Ambiguity of identity in armed conflict


Lesson one: Victim or perpetrator? To target or to protect?

Boy carrying gun and young girl wearing hatIn this lesson, young people will look at:


  • What are the roles of people in society?
  • How can these become blurred in a conflict situation? By exploring these questions, young people will understand how the principles of justice and fairness are applied in the specific context of armed conflict using images, debate and discussion.

Download module one, part one (PDF format)
Download module one, part one (Word format) 
Download module one photo cards


Lesson two: Young people and violence, peer pressure and personal accountability

Young people will explore:

  • What are the push and pull factors contributing to young people joining groups?
  • Why do some young people join armed groups?

By comparing scenarios in their own country with those of children in war-torn countries, young people’s ability to empathise with others should be enhanced, as well as their understanding of universal behaviour patterns.

Download module one, part two
Download module one, part two (Word format)
Download module two photo cards

Module two – conflict lines

This module lets young people view international humanitarian law as if they were directly involved in the real-life situations explored.

Young people will also develop a set of rules to protect the most vulnerable groups.

Download module two (PDF version)
Download module two (Word version)

A series of extension activities allow students to explore other issues such as the "war on terror", the definition of "armed conflict" and the distinction between international and non-international armed conflict.

Download module two extension activities (PDF version)

Module three - wars have limits

In this module, young people can use and build upon the main principles of international humanitarian law that were covered in modules one and two, and apply them in the context of an imaginary military scenario. Within this scenario, various challenges are presented to the students in the form of decisions to be taken by a military commander who is in control of soldiers involved in an international armed conflict.

Download module three (PDF version)
Download module three (Word version) 

Module four - enforcement of international humanitarian law

The final module in the Justice and Fairness resource uses case studies and role play to explore the ways in which IHL enforcement may occur through judicial and non-judicial processes. Through participating in these activities, young people will develop questioning, presentation and critical thinking skills.

Download module four, part one (PDF version)
Download module four, part one (Word version)

Download module four, part two (PDF version)
Download module four, part two (Word version)



In partnership with Allen & Overy