Learn first aid for a baby or child with croup

1. A baby or child with croup will have difficulty breathing and a short, barking cough. Their cough may also sound like crowing or whistling.

In severe attacks, the baby or child may use muscles around their nose and neck as they struggle in their attempts to breathe. They may also have blue-tinged skin.

2. If you see these signs, sit them up and encourage them to relax.

Sitting them up may help them to breathe easier. Reassure the child, as they may be frightened.

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Common questions about first aid for a baby or child with croup

What is croup?


Do I need to call 999 if my child has croup?


Who does croup affect?


Will croup pass or will my child have it for life?


 

What is croup?

Croup is caused by a swelling in the voice box and airway. The swelling makes it difficult for the child to breathe and gives them a short barking cough. Croup is alarming because it often occurs at night, but it usually passes quickly if the child is encouraged to sit up and relax.

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Do I need to call 999 if my child has croup?

Not necessarily. You should seek medical advice if you are unsure. If the child becomes very distressed and has a high temperature, call 999.

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Who does croup affect?

Croup usually affects children aged six months to three years old. Most cases occur in one-year-olds. It can sometimes develop in babies as young as three months, and older children up to 15 years of age.

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Will croup pass or will my child have it for life?

Croup is a childhood condition. Episodes of croup may last hours or days.

Once a child has croup, it may flare up every now and again but it will stop completely as the child gets older.

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Email us if you have any other questions about first aid for a baby or child with croup.