Learn first aid for someone who is choking

This advice is for helping an adult. Find out:

 

Someone who is choking may be clutching at their chest or neck and won’t be able to speak, breathe or cough.

1. Hit them firmly on their back between the shoulder blades. This will help to dislodge the blockage.

Hitting them on their back creates a strong vibration and pressure in the airway, which is often enough to dislodge the blockage. Dislodging the blockage will allow them to breathe again.

2. Call 999 if necessary.

If you can’t call 999, get someone else to do it.

Watch how to help someone who is choking (1 minute 24 seconds)

Common questions about first aid for someone who is choking

What should I do if back blows don’t stop the person choking?


What should I do if the person becomes unresponsive?


Should I help a child who is choking in a different way to how I help an adult?


How do I help a baby who is choking?


 

What should I do if back blows don’t stop the person choking?

If back blows do not dislodge the blockage, stand behind them, join your hands around their tummy and form a fist. Pull your hands sharply inwards and upwards. Repeat up to five times.

This is sometimes called the Heimlich manoeuvre or abdominal thrust. Don’t do this on a child under a year old.

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What should I do if the person becomes unresponsive?

Support them, lowering them gently to the ground and treat them as someone who is unresponsive and not breathing.

Find out how to help someone who is unresponsive and not breathing.

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Should I help a child who is choking in a different way to how I help an adult?

Help children more than a year old in the same way as adults. Give up to five firm blows on the back, reducing the force of the blows for a smaller child.

Find out more about how to help a child who is choking.

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How do I help a baby who is choking?

Babies under one year old should be held face-down along your thigh with their head lower than their bottom. Hit them firmly on their back up to five times to dislodge the blockage.

Find out more about how to help a baby who is choking.

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Email us if you have any other questions about first aid for someone who is choking.