Humanitarian work in East Africa
Humanitarian work in East Africa
The British Red Cross is providing emergency supplies and support to people affected by drought and hunger in East Africa and conflict in Tigray, Ethiopia.
Conflict in Tigray
East Africa has been going through extreme drought, weather conditions and a locust invasion which is likely to continue throughout 2021. Now, people across the region are reeling from ongoing conflict in Tigray, Ethiopia.
In November 2020, armed conflict broke out between the regional government and the federal government Ethiopia’s Tigray region in the north of the country.
- Around 5.2 million people in Tigray now need humanitarian aid
- As conflict continues, around 1.7 million people are thought to have fled their homes
Ethiopia's most vulnerable at risk
The combination of drought and conflict has caused widespread hunger. Women, children and other at-risk groups are suffering the most.
5.5million people are facing extreme hunger in Tigray and the neighbouring regions and need urgent humanitarian support.
353,000 are in desperate need of food in Tigray. This is likely to worsen if the conflict continues or humanitarian assistance is hampered
How is the British Red Cross helping people in East Africa?
Drought, conflict, being forced from your home and hunger: the situation in East Africa is desperate. Over the next 18 months, the Red Cross will be helping people across the region in six important areas:
In Ethiopia and Sudan, people's livelihoods have been severely affected by months of armed violence, floods, drought and locust infestations. Many are no longer able to earn money and extreme hunger is now widespread.
Over the next 18 months, the Red Cross will support people by providing:
- food parcels
- seeds, fertilisers, tools and training for farmers
- cash grants so people can get back on their feet, cover essentials and food, or start up their businesses again.
Volunteers will also give vital food supplements to vulnerable groups such as children, pregnant women, sick, disabled people and older people.
Protection for women, children and vulnerable people
People with disabilities, older people, small children, women and girls are at particular risk from armed groups. They face sexual and gender-based violence, exploitation and trafficking. People who fled their homes are at most risk.
Local communities often just don't have the resources to protect their most vulnerable people in emergencies, especially since medical facilities have been damaged in the conflict.
The Red Cross Red Crescent Movement will work with local volunteers to ensure these groups are protected:
- women, young children and girls will be given a safe space in camps
- dignity kits will be provided, with essentials such as sanitary towels
- vulnerable groups will receive priority access to vital healthcare.
- support to services for survivors of sexual violence. This includes medical and psychological help and cash help.
People caught up in conflict have had to leave their homes and move to camps or live within communities in different regions.
Conditions in the camps are poor: people are living out in the open, without tents or shelter.
Cramped conditions create poor health. Often people don’t have enough clean water or toilets and this increases the chances of disease. This is especially true now in the time of Covid-19, when hygiene and social distancing are crucial.
The Red Cross will make sure that people in camps can live in safety and dignity. We will:
- provide emergency shelter kits and essential household items
- construct accessible hygiene facilities
- support communities to build emergency shelters using local, salvaged materials and provide technical support.
People have little access to basic health services. Hospitals have either been closed, damaged or looted, while healthcare workers have had to leave hospitals for their own safety.
With little water supply and poor sanitation in the camps, diseases such as cholera are likely to take hold and spread.
Many people are also deeply traumatised. Separation, as well as loss of loved ones, homes, livelihoods and identities, have caused widespread mental health problems.
Covid-19 is also a huge threat. Crowding within camps and poor sanitation means that social distancing and handwashing is nearly impossible. Without these basic prevention measures, cases could surge.
The Red Cross will provide vital healthcare to displaced communities, including:
- primary healthcare services
- psychosocial and mental health support
- routine immunisation services
- nutritious food for vulnerable groups.
Access to clean water
For people who had to flee their homes and those in refugee camps, access to clean and safe water is limited.
Within camps, a lack of water also means poor sanitation. As more refugees from Tigray arrive every day in camps in Eastern Sudan, the situation is getting worse.
The Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement will work with communities on ways to prevent Covid-19 and will:
- provide water treatment and storage kits to improve hygiene facilities
- train communities to build toilet blocks using locally sourced materials
- build washing stations and providing hand sanitiser and soap.
The conflict in Tigray is making people who have already had to deal with so much even more vulnerable to devastating events such as climate change. As more people flee their homes, resources in the region will soon disappear.
The Red Cross is finding ways to strengthen resilience in communities across East Africa by:
- preparing people against the effects of armed conflict
- working with local communities to advocate for peace and reconciliation.