Behind the design: celebrating our 150th anniversary on a Royal Mint coin

Royal Mint designer Henry Gray and the British Red Cross’s museum and archives curator Mehzebin Adam talk us through the commemorative coin


Last updated 26 May 2023

When tasked with designing a coin to celebrate 150 years of the British Red Cross, one of the biggest challenges facing Royal Mint designer Henry Gray was accurately reflecting the work we do both domestically and overseas.

On top of this, the coin needed to incorporate our important connection to the global Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement.

The Red Cross at home and abroad

“I included the UK map in a prominent position behind the emblem,” explained Gray. “[The] distinct background texture [is] to represent the multiple touchpoints of the charity and to reinforce the connectedness of the British Red Cross both at home and around the world. The image hopefully illustrates that the British Red Cross is and has always been connected - locally and globally - with networks of support and the ability to respond to those in need, with kindness.”

The Red Cross emblem 

The emblem - a red cross on a white background - was introduced by the first Geneva Convention in 1864. 

"I wanted to make sure the emblem took pride of place as a focal point of the design,” said Gray. “I positioned the iconic red cross in the prime central location to highlight this, opting to place the words around the edge of the design."

The emblem has a long and storied history and today is one of the most recognisable in the world. 

“The emblem is the inverse of the Swiss flag because the Red Cross began in Switzerland,” explained Mehzebin Adam, museum and archives curator.

“From 1876, the red crescent emblem began to be used by some predominantly Muslim countries, originally because the red cross was mistakenly associated with the flag of the Crusaders from medieval times. In 2005, the red crystal emblem was adopted for use in situations where it is problematic to display either the red cross or the red crescent. All three emblems have the same meaning under international law."

The finishing touch is the inscription on the edge of the coin, bearing one of the current mottos of the Red Cross Movement: ‘PER HUMANITATEM AD PACEM’, which translates to ‘Through humanity to peace’. 


British Red Cross staff and volunteers have been swift to respond to disasters, from the Indian Ocean tsunami in 2004 to the recent floods in the UK. Internationally, the organisation partners with other Red Cross and Crescent societies to help support and rebuild sustainable livelihoods. The British Red Cross also has a long history of supporting refugees and people forced to leave their homes in the UK and overseas, and remains committed to this cause today. 

During the current global coronavirus pandemic, Red Cross and Red Crescent societies around the world are at the forefront of the emergency response. We are providing a range of services, from giving useful health advice to delivering food and medicine to the most vulnerable people. While people everywhere face challenges during the crisis, the British Red Cross is determined to show the human capacity to support one another and how kindness will keep us together.” 

To join us in celebrating 150 years of kindness, you can purchase the Royal Mint coin here.

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